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Oakland Raiders
Raiders helmet Raiders
Helmet Logo
Information
League NFL NFL
Conference AFC AFC
Division AFC West
Established 1960 (joined NFL in 1970)
Home field Oakland Alameda Coliseum
City Oakland, California
Uniforms
Raiders color uniform Raiders white uniforms
Color White
Championships
League
AFL 1
NFL 3
1967†
1976 • 1980 • 1983
Super Bowls
Lombardi Trophy logo gray 3
XI • XV • XVIII
Conference
Conference Championship logo2 4
1976 • 1980
1983 • 2002
Division
15
1967 • 1968 • 1969
1970 • 1972 • 1973
1974 • 1975 • 1976
1983 • 1985 • 1990
2000 • 2001 • 2002

The Oakland Raiders are a professional football team based in Oakland, California. They are members of the National Football League (NFL) as part of the American Football Conference (AFC) in the AFC West division. Home games are played at Oakland Coliseum.

As a charter member of the American Football League (AFL) in 1960, they won one AFL championship in 1967 and appeared in Super Bowl II, losing to the Green Bay Packers by a score of 33-14. The team joined the NFL in 1970 as part of the AFL–NFL merger. Since joining the NFL, the Raiders have won three Super Bowls (XI, XV, XVIII). The Raiders relocated to Los Angeles from 1982-1994, then moved back to Oakland in 1995. The Raiders plan to relocate to Las Vegas by 2020 after the NFL approved the move of the franchise.

After the Raiders lost to the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl II, the Raiders avenged the loss by winning the first five regular season contests between the teams in head-to-head contests from 1972 through 1987. Since then, the Packers have won all six regular season games, taking the overall head-to-head series, 7-5.

Among additional memorable moments, the Lambeau Leap was first introduced when Reggie White picked up a loose fumble and lateralled the ball to LeRoy Butler, who ran for touchdown score and jumped into the stands in a 1993 meeting that spawned the "Lambeau Leap". In 2003, one day after his father's passing, Brett Favre played a career game against Oakland by passing for 399 yards and four touchdown passes.

NFL Team historyEdit

FoundingEdit

A few months after the first AFL draft in 1959, the owners of the yet-unnamed Minneapolis franchise accepted an offer to join the established National Football League (NFL) as an expansion team (now the Minnesota Vikings) in 1961, sending the AFL scrambling for a replacement. At the time, Oakland seemed an unlikely venue for a professional football team. The city had not asked for a team, there was no ownership group and there was no stadium in Oakland suitable for pro football and there was already a successful NFL franchise in the Bay Area in the San Francisco 49ers. However, the AFL owners selected Oakland after Los Angeles Chargers owner Barron Hilton threatened to forfeit his franchise unless a second team was placed on the West Coast. Accordingly, the city of Oakland was awarded the eighth AFL franchise on January 30, 1960, and the team inherited the Minneapolis club's draft picks.

Upon receiving the franchise, Oakland civic leaders found a number of businesspeople willing to invest in the new team. A "name the team" contest was held by the Oakland Tribune, and the winner was the Oakland Señors. After a few weeks of being the butt of local jokes (and accusations that the contest was fixed, as managing general partner Chet Soda was fairly well-known within the Oakland business community for calling his acquaintances "señor", the franchise (and its owners) changed the team's name nine days later to the Oakland Raiders, which had finished third in the naming contest. The now-familiar team emblem of a pirate (or "raider") wearing a football helmet was created, reportedly a rendition of actor Randolph Scott.

On March 27, 2017, the NFL approved the Raiders' relocation application to move to Las Vegas. The team will spend at least 2 more seasons in Oakland before officially moving into their new stadium in 2020.

MembershipEdit

League affiliations
AFL American Football League (1960-1969)
  • Western Division (1960–1969)
NFL National Football League (1970-present)

ChampionshipsEdit

Super Bowl XVIIEdit

Super Bowl XI
Super Bowl XI January 9, 1977
Rose Bowl
Pasadena, California
Raiders helmet Double arrow icon Oakland Raiders 32
Vikings helmet Minnesota Vikings 14
MVP: Fred Biletnikoff (WR)

The Raiders went a league best 13-1 in 1976. They then defeated the New England Patriots in the divisional round 24-21 to avenge their only loss of the season and after two straight years of disappointing losses, finally defeated the two-time defending champion Pittsburgh Steelers 24-7 in the AFC championship game to reach Super Bowl XI.

After a scoreless first quarter, the Raiders dominated the Vikings. The offensive line led by Gene Upshaw and Art Shell shut down the Vikings famed "Purple People Eaters". This allowed the Raiders to gain a record 429 yards of offense. The defense sealed the victory when cornerback Willie Brown returned an interception 75 yards for a touchdown in the fourth quarter. Receiver Fred Biletnikoff caught 4 passes for 79 yards, three of which set up the Raiders inside the 5 yard line for easy touchdowns, earning the Super Bowl MVP. This was the earliest scheduled Super Bowl and last to be played during the daytime.

Super Bowl XVEdit

Super Bowl XV
Super Bowl XV January 31, 1988
Louisiana Superdome
New Orleans, Lousiana
Raiders helmet Double arrow icon Oakland Raiders 27
Eagles helmet Philadelphia Eagles 10
MVP: Jim Plunkett (QB)

Despite losing starting quarterback Dan Pastorini to injury and starting 2-3, the Raiders rode Jim Plunkett (who was named comeback player of the year) and their defense, led by Defensive Player of the Year Lester Hayes to an 11-5 record and a wild card berth. They defeated former Raider quarterback Ken Stabler and the Houston Oilers 27-7 in the wild card round, the Cleveland Browns 14-12 in the divisional round in the famed Red Right 88 game, then defeated the San Diego Chargers 34-27 in the AFC title game to reach Super Bowl XV.

The Raiders dominated the heavily favored Eagles. Linebacker Rod Martin had 3 interceptions to set a Super Bowl record that still stands. Jim Plunkett was named Super Bowl MVP after completing 13 of 21 passes for 261 yards and 3 touchdowns while rushing 3 times for 9 yards. Cliff Branch caught two touchdowns which tied the record held by Max McGee and John Stallworth. The Raiders became the first wild-card team to win the Super Bowl and head coach Tom Flores became the first Hispanic coach to win the Super Bowl. On the heels of the Iran Hostage Crisis ending, owner Al Davis proclaimed the victory as the finest hour in Raiders history.

Super Bowl XVIIIEdit

Super Bowl XVIII
Super Bowl XVIII January 22, 1984
Tampa Stadium
Tampa, Florida
Redskins helmet Washington Redskins 9
Raiders helmet Double arrow icon Los Angeles Raiders 38
MVP: Marcus Allen (RB)

The Raiders (who moved to LA in 1982) went an AFC best 12-4 in 1983 behind Marcus Allen and their defense led by Hayes and Mike Haynes (acquired via trade). They defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers 38-10 in the divisional round, then defeated the Seattle Seahawks (who had beat them twice that year) 30-14 in the AFC title game to reach Super Bowl XVIII.

The Raiders upset the defending champion Redskins in a dominating performance. The Raiders were up 14-3 late in the second quarter when Redskins coach Joe Gibbs called a screen pass. They had played the Raiders earlier in the year and ran that particular play for 67 yards. However linebacker Jack Squirek (who had just come in) intercepted the pass and returned it for a five yard touchdown.

Marcus Allen ran for a touchdown in the third quarter to put the Raiders up 28-9 in the third quarter. Near the end of the quarter, Washington faced a 4th and 1 on the Raiders 26. They ran the same play with John Riggins that had won them the Super Bowl the previous year. But Rod Martin tackled Riggins for no gain. On the last play of the quarter, Allen put the game out of reach with a then Super Bowl record 74 yard touchdown run where he ran to the left, took a wide turn before seeing defenders, then cut back to the middle and outraced everyone for the score.

Allen was named Super Bowl MVP after rushing for a record 191 yards on 20 carries and 2 touchdowns while catching 2 passes for 18 yards. This would be the last Super Bowl victory for the AFC until the Denver Broncos upset Brett Favre and the Green Bay Packers in Super Bowl XXXII.

AchievementsEdit

Achievements
AP Most Valuable Player Offensive Player of the Year Defensive Player of the Year Super Bowl MVP
1974 Stabler1 Ken Stabler 1974 Stabler1 Ken Stabler 1980 LHayes1 Lester Hayes 1976 Biletnikoff2 Fred Biletnikoff
1985 MAllen1 Marcus Allen 1985 MAllen1 Marcus Allen 2016 Raiders52 Khalil Mack 1980 Plunkett2 Jim Plunkett
2002 Stabler1 Rich Gannon 1983 MAllen1 Marcus Allen

Packers RivalryEdit

Raiders
Packers
Oakland Raiders vs. Green Bay Packers
Packers lead series 7–5
Season Date Winning team Score Stadium Series Box
1967 Super Bowl II Packers helmet Green Bay Packers W 33–14 Miami Orange Bowl 1–0 Football icon
1972 Sep. 24 Raiders helmet Oakland Raiders L 14–20 Lambeau Field 1–1 Football icon
1976 Oct. 24 Raiders helmet Oakland Raiders L 14–18 Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum 1–2 Football icon
1978 Sep. 17 Raiders helmet Oakland Raiders L 3–28 Lambeau Field 1–3 Football icon
The Oakland Raiders moved before the 1982 season, renamed the Los Angeles Raiders.
1984 Sep. 9 Raiders helmet Los Angeles Raiders L 7–28 Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 1–4 Football icon
1987 Sep. 13 Raiders helmet Los Angeles Raiders L 0–20 Lambeau Field 1–5 Football icon
1990 Nov. 11 Packers helmet Green Bay Packers W 29–16 Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 2–5 Football icon
1993 Dec. 26 Packers helmet Green Bay Packers W 28–0 Lambeau Field 3–5 Football icon
The Los Angeles Raiders moved back to Oakland before the 1995 season, renamed the Oakland Raiders.
1999 Sep. 12 Packers helmet Green Bay Packers W 28–24 Lambeau Field 4–5 Football icon
2003 Dec. 22 Packers helmet Green Bay Packers W 41–7 Network Associates Coliseum 5–5 Football icon
2007 Dec. 9 Packers helmet Green Bay Packers W 38–7 Lambeau Field 6–5 Football icon
2011 Dec. 11 Packers helmet Green Bay Packers W 46–16 Lambeau Field 7–5 Football icon

External linksEdit

References

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